Heena Anuff, Zeinah Rahman, Rajani Dube* and Shatha Taher Salman Al-Zuheiri Pages 244 - 253 ( 10 )
Background: Cesarean section (CS) done before the onset of labor is called an elective and done during labor is called an emergency CS. During labor, CS may be needed in early(1st) or late(2nd) stages. Earlier studies have shown more maternal and fetal complications when a cesarean is done for the first time in the late stages.
Objective: Our objective was to find out whether the maternal and fetal outcomes differ when primary CS is done in the first stage of labor compared to the second stage of labor for various indications and how.
Methods: This was a retrospective observational study on women who underwent primary CS during active labor and to link the maternal and fetal outcomes related to the stages of labor. The study population was patients admitted to the Labor ward of Saqr hospital, Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, between 1st January 2017 till 31st December 2017, but had to undergo primary CS during labor for various indications at 1st and 2nd stages of labor. Data was collected from maternal and neonatal electronic case records.
Results: A total of 135 case records were studied. Most cesarean sections were in the early stage of labor. The most common indications were fetal distress and prolonged labor. The maternal and fetal complications were higher in 2nd stage of labor than in 1st stage which includes uterine atonia (p=.001), postpartum hemorrhage (p=.006), postoperative hematuria(RR=3.46), problems with breastfeeding (p=0.001) and fetal injuries (p<.001).
Conclusion: Primary CS in late labor is associated with increased maternal and neonatal complications compared to CS in early labor.
Outcome in early CS, outcome in late CS, maternal, neonatal outcomes, primary cesarean section, expulsion.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, Ras Al Khaimah, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Abdulla Bin Omran Hospital, Ras al Khaimah