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Anti-carbamylated Protein Antibodies and Serum Level of 14-3-3 Protein for Early Detection of Rheumatoid Arthritis Patient in Correlation with Rheumatoid Factor, Anti-CCP Antibodies, Disease Activity and Joint Damage using High Frequency Musculoskeletal Ultrasound

[ Vol. 7 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Sahar A. Ahmed *, Enas M. Darwish, Walaa A. Attya, Mai Samir, Mennatallah Elsayed, Hoda M. Abbas and Marwa D. Hasan   Pages 141 - 153 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common progressive chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease which affects mostly small joints, causing pain, swelling, deformity, and disability. Although progress has been made in exploring RA nature, still there is a lot to know about the disease pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment.

Aim of the Work: To investigate the role of serum anti-carbamylated protein antibodies and 14-3-3η in the diagnosis of RA compared to rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-CCP antibodies, and highfrequency musculoskeletal ultrasound used to assess the disease activity and joint damage.

Methods: Serum anti-carbamylated protein antibodies and 14-3-3η were measured using ELISA in 61 RA patients and 26 normal controls. RA Disease Activity Score (DAS 28), X-ray and musculoskeletal ultrasound (hands and feet), carotid ultrasound (Intima-Media Thickness {IMT}) were used in assessing the RA disease.

Results: Anti-carbamylated protein antibodies were significantly elevated in RA patients 4.5 (4.1- 8.9 U⁄ml) compared to the control 3.2(1.9- 4.3 U⁄ml) (p< 0.001) but 14-3-3η showed no significant difference. There was a significant positive correlation between anti-carbamylated protein antibodies, 14-3-3η levels and disease activity score assessed by DAS 28, increased IMT measured by carotid duplex, total synovitis and total erosion score were assessed by musculoskeletal ultrasound. There was no correlation between RF and anti-CCP antibodies. Anti-carbamylated protein antibodies were found to have 66.7% sensitivity and 85.2% specificity in RA diagnosis, while 14-3-3η had 51.9% sensitivity and 72.1% specificity.

Conclusion: Anti-carbamylated protein antibodies and 14-3-3η have a high sensitivity and specificity in RA diagnosis and had a correlation with the disease activity and joint damage.

Keywords:

Rheumatoid arthritis, anti-carbamylated antibodies, 14-3-3η, musculoskeletal ultrasound, polyarthritis, diagnosis.

Affiliation:

Rheumatology and Immunology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Rheumatology and Immunology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo

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