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Design, Development and Evaluation of Celecoxib-Loaded Microsponge-Based Topical Gel Formulation

[ Vol. 3 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Vishruti V. Kadam, Vrutti I. Patel, Manisha S. Karpe and Vilasrao J. Kadam   Pages 44 - 55 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Background: Microsponges is a class of polymeric microspheres that are porous and are aimed to deliver a pharmaceutically active constituent competently at the smallest dose and also, to alter release of the drug.

Objective: The aim of the present work was to formulate a topical gel based drug delivery system of microsponges containing Celecoxib (CXB).

Method: Quasi emulsion solvent diffusion method was used to prepare microsponges. The inner phase of formulation (drug dissolved in polymer solution) was added drop-wise into outer phase of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) solution at room temperature. Microsponges were obtained after stirring for 3 hours. Drug loaded microsponges, dispersed in propylene glycol, were added to soaked carbopol and mixed thoroughly. Final pH was adjusted by triethanolamine. Final formulation was evaluated for particle size, % entrapment efficiency, % production yield, surface morphology, % drug release, drug content, rheological behaviour, in vitro skin permeation etc.

Results: Microsponges of optimized batch were spherical, fine and free flowing. The optimized formulation showed % practical yield of 72.84 ± 1.34, % entrapment efficiency of 82.4 ± 1.48 and mean particle size of 26.4 m. The optimized batch incorporated in gel showed pH of 6.1, 12.35 grams-cm/sec of spreadability, 99.06 % of drug content and 68.1 % drug release. Skin permeation studies concluded that the drug was released in a controlled manner for a period of 12 hours. The optimized batch was found to be appropriately stable.

Conclusion: The CXB loaded in a microsponge based gel was found to have good appearance, other micromeritic properties and entrapment efficiency along with controlled in vitro release profile of drug.

Keywords:

Carbopol, celecoxib, microsponge based gel, quasi emulsion, solvent diffusion.

Affiliation:

Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutics, C.B.D. Belapur, Sector 8, Navi Mumbai, India.

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